Many Internet users delete their browser history and clear their cache and cookies without thinking twice about it. It’s just one of those things you do — some more often than others — if you own and use a computer.
“If you don’t clear this information, it’s there for someone to come along and retrieve — either by sitting down at your computer or remotely if you visit vicious websites or get a virus,” said a Patrol Tech expert.
But the recent Boston Marathon bombing trial has brought to light a law, ratified in 2002, that could land you with a federal charge of obstructing justice for — wait for it — clearing your browser history.
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act was initially created to combat corporate accounting scandals, like those of Enron and Worldcom in the late 1990s. Fast forward to today, and the law has become the basis for prosecuting individuals who delete their browser history if that browser history is considered evidence in a federal trial.
In 2010, David Kernell, a University of Tennessee student at that time, was convicted under the act for deleting information on his computer that federal investigators said linked him to hacking then-vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin’s Yahoo account.
The Nation reports, “At the time Kernell took steps to clean his computer, he does not appear to have known that there was any investigation into his conduct.”
That didn’t matter, though. Federal investigators felt they were “entitled” to the data.
“Let’s be perfectly clear that these cyber cases [Internet cases] — because of the digital fingerprint that is left out there in cyberspace — are very difficult to defend,” said criminal defense attorney Keith Sullivan on Fox News.
These cases are also very difficult to prosecute for the same reason — especially if you’re doing what most IT professionals recommend and are clearing your browsing history and other “digital documents.”
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act is now more than 10 years old, and the Internet is a very different place than it used to be. And yet, there haven’t been any public calls for reforming the legislation. So for now, your Internetbrowser history — or removing it — could get you slapped with a federal charge.